Wednesday, May 4, 2011

JEHOVAH'S NAME WAS BEING "...( PRONOUNCED )..." IN JUSTIN MARTYRS TIME - AND - JUSTIN BEING INFLUENCED BY "...PLATO..." CONTRADICTS HIMSELF


GREEK TEXT: “...( ἐπὶ ) τοῖς ἡμαρτημένοις τὸ τοῦ πατρὸς τῶν ὅλων καὶ δεσπότου θεοῦ ὄνομα, αὐτὸ τοῦτο ( μόνον ) ἐπιλέγοντος τοῦ τὸν λουσόμενον ἄγοντος ( ἐπὶ ) τὸ λουτρόν...” - (Chapter 61:10(B)-13; Justinus Apologia or Τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰουστίνου Ἀπολογία ὑπὲρ Χριστιανῶν πρὸς Ἀντωνῖνον τὸν Εὐσεβῆ. Edition. E. J. Goodspeed) Die ältesten Apologeten, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1915, 26–77.)

JUSTIN MARTYR (c. 110 to 160 C.E.): “...and may obtain in the water remission of sins which we have before committed, THE ( NAME ) OF GOD THE FATHER AND LORD OF THE UNIVERSE – IS - ( PRONOUNCED ) OVER HIM who is willing to be born again, and hath repented of his sins ; he who leads him to be washed in the laver of baptism, - ( saying this only ) - over him...” - (Chapter 61:10(B)-13; 1st Apology “A Translation Of The Epistles Of Clement Of Rome, Polycarp, And Ignatius And Of The Apologies Of Justin Martyr And Tertullian” By the Rev. Temple Chevallier, B. D. 2nd Edition 1851.)

JUSTIN MARTYR (c. 110 to 160 C.E.): “...THERE - IS - ( NAMED ) AT THE WATER, OVER HIM who has chosen to be born again and has repented of his sinful acts, THE ( NAME ) OF GOD THE FATHER AND MASTER OF ALL. Those who lead to the washing the one who is to be washed call on [God by] this term only..." - (1st Apology Chap 61:10(B)-13; THE LIBRARY OF CHRISTIAN CLASSICS, Early Christian Fathers. Editor: Cyril C. Richardson, Washburn Professor of Church History, Union Theological Seminary, New York.)
[PERSONAL NOTE]: “God by” in brackets is added by the translator. Try removing it to see another sense to this sentence.

JUSTIN MARTYR (c. 110 to 160 C.E.): “...He who is chosen to be born again and who has repented of the sins which he has committed ( IS NAMED - WITH – THE NAME OF GOD THE FATHER AND LORD OF ALL ), this ( only ) to be said by him who leads to the pool the one who is to be baptised...” - (1st Apology Chap 61:10(B)-13; Page 24. Justin Martyr by Eric Francis Osborn)
[FOOTNOTE]: Compare Rev 14:1; 22:4; and also the Shepherd of Hermas Similatude 8, 6, 3-4; and also HERMAS (c. 140-150 C.E.): “...he who does not receive his name shall not enter God's kingdom...” - (Sim. 9, 12, 8.) and also Cyprian Epistle 73, 4.


But in the very next sentence Justin ( contradicts ) himself by saying the following:


GREEK TEXT: “...( ἐπὶ ) τοῖς ἡμαρτημένοις τὸ τοῦ πατρὸς τῶν ὅλων καὶ δεσπότου θεοῦ ὄνομα, αὐτὸ τοῦτο ( μόνον ) ἐπιλέγοντος τοῦ τὸν λουσόμενον ἄγοντος ( ἐπὶ ) τὸ λουτρόν. 11. ὄνομα γὰρ τῷ ἀρρήτῳ θεῷ οὐδεὶς ἔχει εἰπεῖν· εἰ δέ τις τολμήσειεν εἶναι λέγειν, μέμηνε τὴν ἄσωτον μανίαν. 12. καλεῖται δὲ τοῦτο τὸ λουτρὸν φωτισμός, ὡς φωτιζομένων τὴν διάνοιαν τῶν ταῦτα μανθανόντων. 13. καὶ ( ἐπ’ ) ὀνόματος δὲ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, τοῦ σταυρωθέντος ἐπὶ Ποντίου Πιλάτου, καὶ ( ἐπ’ ) ὀνόματος πνεύματος ἁγίου, ὃ ( διὰ ) τῶν προφητῶν προεκήρυξε τὰ κατὰ τὸν Ἰησοῦν πάντα, ὁ φωτιζόμενος λούεται...” - (Chapter 61:10(B)-13; Justinus Apologia or Τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰουστίνου Ἀπολογία ὑπὲρ Χριστιανῶν πρὸς Ἀντωνῖνον τὸν Εὐσεβῆ. Edition. E. J. Goodspeed) Die ältesten Apologeten, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1915, 26–77.)

JUSTIN MARTYR (c. 110 to 160 C.E.): “...THERE - IS - ( PRONOUNCED ) - OVER HIM WHO CHOOSES TO BE BORN AGAIN, AND HAS REPENTED OF HIS SINS, THE ( NAME ) OF GOD THE FATHER AND LORD OF THE UNIVERSE; he who leads to the layer the person that is to be washed calling him by ( this name alone ). For no one can utter the name of the ineffable God; and if any one dare to say that there is a name, he raves with a hopeless madness. And this washing is called illumination, because they who learn these things are illuminated in their understandings. And in the name of Jesus Christ, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and in the name of the Holy Ghost, who through the prophets foretold all things about Jesus, he who is illuminated is washed...” - (1st Apology. Chap 61:10(B)-13; ANF Roberts & Donaldson.)



What was it that ( influenced ) Justin into this strange and self-contradictory stand?


JUSTIN MARTYR (c. 110 to 160 C.E.): “...PLATO having heard, in Egypt, that God had said to Moses, when he was about to send him to the Hebrews, [Exo 3:14] I am the Being (Gk., ho oon) – understood that God had not told him his peculiar name, for no name can be ( properly ) attributed to God...” - (Page 159. Coh. Ad Gr. Chapter 20. Justin Martyr His Life, Writings, and Opinions by the Rev. Charles Semisch translated from German by J. E. Ryland. Vol II. 1843.)