Wednesday, February 29, 2012

( POSSIBLE ) ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE EARLIEST EXTANT CHRISTIAN REFERENCE TO BELIEF IN THE RESURRECTION & THE USE OF THE ( TETRAGRAMMATON ) BY CHRISTIANS

A tomb in Jerusalem was discovered in 1973 when some apartment blocks were being prepared to be built. It was briefly (but not thoroughly) excavated in 1981, then resealed because of protests by Ultra-Orthodox Jews. It is dated as being typical of a Jewish tomb from somewhere between 20-70 C.E. Between 2009-2011 it was reexamined by means of a robotic camera and it was discovered that it is most likely to be a VERY EARLY CHRISTIAN TOMB.

What is so remarkable about that?

They found inscriptions (one possible, the other definite) with:


 GREEK TRANSLITERATIONS OF 
THE [Heb., ( יהוה )] TETRAGRAMMATON
 

  1. Gk., ( ΠΙΠΙ ) = possible
  2. Gk., ( ΙΑΙΟ ) = definite

 



FULL ESSAY AVAILABLE ON PDF:


JAMES D. TABOR: “...2. Ossuary 2:2=Kloner 2:1. This ossuary is highly decorated on its front side with deeply carved rosettes and frieze border. The sides and back of the ossuary are plain. It has an odd incised marking in the upper right corner of the decorated front: a stick- like “animal” figure with four legs, head, and tail, though we were not certain of that identification (Fig. 17). WE ALSO CONSIDERED IT MIGHT BE A REPRESENTATION OF THE DIVINE NAME, Yod, Heh, Vav, Heh ( YAHWEH ) [ JEHOVAH ] WRITTEN IN EITHER STYLIZED HEBREW OR GREEK: ( יהוה ) = ΠΙΠΙ.{26} IF SUCH IS THE CASE IT MIGHT SHED LIGHT ON THE GREEK INSCRIPTION ON OSSUARY 5:3, LINE 2, THAT WE THINK HAS THE DIVINE NAME WRITTEN IN THE GREEK LETTERS ( ΙΑΙΟ ). IF SO WE HAVE SOMETHING UNIQUE AND HIGHLY IRREGULAR AS THERE ARE NO EXAMPLES OF JEWISH INSCRIPTIONS FROM THIS PERIOD IN JERUSALEM THAT WRITE OUT THE DIVINE NAME YAHWEH [ JEHOVAH ].{27} We have to assume that such a practice, particularly in a tomb, which was considered tum’a—that is, ritually unclean —is heterodox, reflecting a sectarian perspective (Numbers 19:16).{28}...” - (Pages 12-13; Sub-Section: 2. Ossuary 2:2=Kloner 2:1; Subheading: The Ossuaries and their Inscriptions ; “A Preliminary Report of a Robotic