Friday, November 18, 2011

JUSTIN MARTYR & THE ANGEL-APOSTLE JESUS CHRIST & THE SAMARITAN PENTATEUCH


Justin Martyr was a native of Samaria. 

It is interesting to compare his calling Jesus the “...Apostle...” and “...Angel...” of the Father with Gk., ( τὸ ΣαΜαρειτικόν ) the Samaritan version of the Penateuch:

GREEK TEXT: “...γενήσεσθαι [9.] ταῦτα πάντα προεῖπε, φημί, ὁ ἡμέτερος διδάσκαλος καὶ τοῦ πατρὸς πάντων καὶ δεσπότου θεοῦ υἱὸς καὶ ἀπόστολος ὢν Ἰησοῦς Χριστός, ἀφ’ οὗ καὶ τὸ Χριστιανοὶ ἐπονομάζεσθαι ἐσχήκαμεν...” - (Chapter 12:9, Justinus Apologia or Τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰουστίνου Ἀπολογία ὑπὲρ Χριστιανῶν πρὸς Ἀντωνῖνον τὸν Εὐσεβῆ. Edition. E. J. Goodspeed, Die ältesten Apologeten, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1915, 26–77.)

JUSTIN MARTYR (circa. 110-160 C.E.): “...All these things came to pass as foretold [by], (I say), THE ONE [WHO IS] OUR TEACHER, AND SON - ( OF ) - GOD THE FATHER AND ULTIMATE-RULER OF ALL, AND - ( APOSTLE ), - [HE] BEING JESUS CHRIST, from of whom also the “Christians” have been given [their] name [and] keep as their own...” - (Chap 12:9, 1st Apology, Translated by Matt13weedhacker 16/11/2011 according to Goodspeed's Greek text)

COMPARE: 

SAMMARITAN TORAH OR TARGUM (circa. 20 C.E. To 400 C.E.): “...Behold! I send - ( MY APOSTLE ) - before you in order to keep you and protect you on the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. Give heed to him and obey his voice. Do not rebel against him, because he will not pardon your transgressions; FOR MY NAME IS IN HIM. But if you hearken attentively to his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. For - ( MY APOSTLE ) - shall go before you...” - (Exodus Chapter 23:20-22, Page 177, “Angelomorphic Christology: Antecedents and Early Evidence” Arbeiten Zur Geschichte Des Antiken Judentums Und Des Urchristentums, Bd. 42. 1998.)
[FOOTNOTE]: Compare Matt 10:40; Heb 3:2; Justin Martyr 1st Apology Chapter 63:5; Dial. 75. Rec-Clem X.72, Acts Of Thomas 9., Didache 11:4-9: “...Let every Apostle who comes to you be received as the Lord...” Clement of Alexandria Paid. I.7 = “Christ.” Philo Migration. 174.
[FOOTNOTE]: Ibid., commenting on Dial. 75, Page 178: “...Thus, Justin apparently reflects two different views of the ( concept ) of angel-apostle: on the one hand, the Jewish nation of the prophets as “angels,” as explained by the term of apostle, and on the other hand, the idea of a special Prophet who really is the Angel of the Lord, that is, a heavenly being, and is called God's “Apostle”....” - (Page 148-149, Fossum, “The Name Of God.”) 

For an idea of what Samaritan text looks like here is a picture of the Samritan text Leviticus:




Picture of a Samritan High priest holding the a Torah Scroll:




COMPARE ALSO:

ARAMAIC TARGUM (circa. 100-500 C.E.): “...Behold, I send ( MY ANGEL ){6} before thee, to protect thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. Take heed before Him, and hearken to His words; rebel not against Him, for He will not forgive your sins; FOR IN MY NAME ARE HIS WORDS. For if thou wilt truly hearken to His words, and do all that I shall speak, I will be a foe to thy enemies, and will afflict them that afflict thee. For ( MY ANGEL ) shall go before thee...” - (Exodus Chapter 23:20-23, SECTION XVIII. MISHPATIM. Targum Onkelos, The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee” by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. First Published 1862.)
[FOOTNOTE 6]: Sam. Vers., shelachi, “my apostle.”

ARAMAIC TARGUM (circa. 100-500 C.E.): “...Behold, I will send ( AN ANGEL ) before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee in to the place of My habitation which I have prepared. Be circumspect before Him, and obey His word, and be not rebellious against His words; for He will not forgive your sins, BECAUSE HIS WORD IS IN MY NAME. For if thou wilt indeed hearken to His word, and do all that I speak by Him, I will be the enemy of thy enemy, and will trouble them who trouble thee. For ( MY ANGEL ) shall go before thee...” - (Pgs. 515-527, Exodus Chapter 23:20-23, SECTION XVIII. MISHPATIM. Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee” by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. First Published 1862.)