Tuesday, October 11, 2011
THE BURNING OF BOOKS THAT SAID JESUS WAS CREATED OR A CREATURE CONTINUED AFTER CHANCELDON 381 C.E.
LATIN TEXT: “...IN NOMINE DOMINI NOSTRI IHESU CHRISTI, ( CODICIS ) DOMINI NOSTRI ( IUSTINIANI ) SACRATISSIMI PRINCIPIS REPETITAE PRAELECTIONIS – LIBER PRIMUS. Ii. DE SUMMA TRINITATE ET DE FIDE CATHOLICA ET UT NEMO DE EA PUBLICE CONTENDERE AUDEAT...” - (Page 5, 1.1.1, CORPUS IURIS CIVILIS – Editio Stereotypa Quinta, Volumen Secundum, CODEX IUSTINIANUS Recognovitt Paulus Krueger 1892.)
FULL TITLE-ENGLISH: “...In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Book I of the revised edition of the Code of our Lord and sacred Emperor Justinian. Concerning the High Trinity of the Catholic faith, and that no one shall dare to despute about it publicly...” - (Annotated Justinian Code by Fred H. Blume edited by Timothy Kearly, Second Edition, 2010.)
LATIN TEXT: “...Impp. Theodosius et Valentinianus AA. Hormisdae pp. Sancimus ut quaecumque Porphyrius insainia sua compulsus sive alius quilibet contra religiosum Christianorum cultum conscripserit, apud quemcumque inventa fuerint, igni tradantur. Omnia enim scripta, quae deum as iracundian provocunt animasque offendunt, ne ad auditium quidem hominum venire volumus. Praeterea sancimus, ut qui impiam Nestori fidem adfecant vel nefariam eius doctrinam sequuntur, si episcopi vel clerici sint, sanctis ecclesiis eiciantur, sin laici, anathematizentur : data licentia orthodoxis, qui volunt et piam legislationem nostram sequuntur, absque metu et damo eos denuntiandi et accusandi. Cum autem ad pias aures nostras pervenerit a quibusdam conscriptas et editas esse doctrinas ambiguas neque accurate congruentes cum orthodoxa fide proposita a sancto concilio patrum sanctorum, qui Nicaeae et Ephesi convenerunt, et a Cyrillo piae memoriae, Alexandrinae magnae civitatis quondam episcopo, iubemus tales libros sive antea sive hoc tempore scriptos, imprimis Nestori, comburi et perfecto exitio tradi, ut ne in cognitionem quidem cuiusquam veniant : his, qui tales scripturas aut libros habere et legere continuaverint, ultimum supplicium subituris. Ceterum nulli licere praeter fidem, ut diximus, Nicaeae atque Ephesi expositam profiteri quicquam vel docere...” - (Page 5-6, CORPUS IURIS CIVILIS – Editio Stereotypa Quinta, Volumen Secundum, CODEX IUSTINIANUS Recognovitt Paulus Krueger 1892.)
THEODOSIUS II (circa. 345-399 C.E.): “...Emperors [1.1.3.] Theodosius and Valentinian to Horisda, Praetorian Prefect. [1.] We decree that all things which Porphyrius, impelled by his insanity, - ( or any one else ), - has written against the worship of the Christians, among whomsoever shall be delivered to the fire. For we want no writings which provoke God to ire, and offend human minds to even come to the knowledge of men. [2.] We also decree, that Bishops or clergymen, who accept the creed of Nestorius or follow his nefarious doctrine, shall, if they are bishops or clergymen, be ejecected from the Holy Churches; if they are of the laity, they shall be anathematized; and ( orthodox ) persons who wish to do so, and who are in accord with ( our pious legislation ), may denounce and accuse them without fear or detriment to themselves. [3.] Since it has, moreover, come to our pious ears, that ( some persons ) have written and pulbished ( ambiguous doctrines, which are not in – absolute – agreement ) with the orthodox faith laid down by the holy council of the holy fathers who assembled at Nicea and Ephesus, and by Cyrillus of blessed memory, once bishop of the great city of Alexandria, we ( order ) that - ( such books whether written before or during this time ), - ( particualarly ) those of Nestorious, shall be burned and delivered to complete destruction, so that they any not even come to the knowledge of anyone. ( Persons who continue to have and read such writings or books shall be – punished by death ). Besides, no one shall be permitted as we have said, to acknowledge or teach any creed, except the one laid down at Nicea and Ephesus. Given at Constatinople February 16 (448)...” - (Codex Justinianus 1.1.1-3; Annotated Justinian Code by Fred H. Blume edited by Timothy Kearly, Second Edition, 2010.)
[FOOTNOTE]: “...Nestorious … maintained that Mary was not the “mother of God; that she was but a woman, and that it was impossible that God should be born of a woman.” This theory created contriversy, and to settle it the emperor called the ecumenical council at Ephesus in 431 [C.E.]...”
This same edict is spoken of briefly in Evagrius of Pontus, a monk serving in the monestery under the notorius Rufinus of Aquileia (circa. 340–410 C.E.):
EVAGRIUS OF PONTUS (circa. 345-399 C.E.): “...Theodosius, then, issued a most pious constitution, which is included in the first book of what is termed the Code of Justinian, and is the third under the first title; in which, moved by heaven, he condemned, by all the votes, as the saying is, him to whom he had been long attached, as Nestorius himself writes, and placed him under anathema. The precise terms are as follow: "Further we ordain, that those who favour the impious creed of Nestorius, or follow his unlawful doctrine, be ejected from the holy churches, if they be bishops or clerks; and if laics, be anathematised." Other enactments were also promulgated by him relating to our religion, which shew his burning zeal...” - (BOOK 1. CHAPTER XII. CONDEMNATION OP THE NESTORIAN DOCTRINE BY THEODOSIUS. Evagrius Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History (AD431-594), translated by E. Walford 1846.)
GREEK TEXT: “...ἀποσυναγώγους ποιήσουσιν ὑμᾶς· ἀλλ᾿ ἔρχεται ὥρα ἵνα πᾶς ὁ ἀποκτείνας ὑμᾶς δόξῃ λατρείαν προσφέρειν τῷ Θεῷ...” - (John Chapter 16 Verse 2.)
(ALT) "...They will make you be expelled from the synagogue, but an hour is coming that every [one] having killed you shall think [he is] offering sacred service to God..."