Sunday, March 27, 2011

Angel Tradition in the ANF

A tradition that Jesus was an "ANGEL" in his pre-human existance runs right through the ANF.

LATIN TEXT: “...Bona sunt etiam officia virtutis Dei. Bonus quoque spiritus sanctus, qui est super omnia sancta sanctissimus, & Verbi Minister. Sed super omnes sanctos sanctissimus est Sumus Pontifex, & Princeps Pontificum, qui est Legatus & Minister Patris, & PRINCEPS LEGIONUM MILITIAE CAELESTIS ; per quem Pater omnia fecit, atque omnem providentiam gerit...” - (Ad. Phil. Chap. 9. Corpus Ignatium by William Cureton)

(IGNATIUS OF ANTIOCH): “...The ministering Powers of God are good ; the Comforter is good, most holy, above all holy things, and the Servant of the Word. But the High-Priest and Prince of High-Priests, who is the Legate and Minister of the Father, and THE PRINCE OF THE LEGIONS OF THE HEAVENLY HOST, is most holy, above all holy beings ; [Ltn., per = through] by whom the Father [Ltn., fecit] made all things, and provides for them all...” - (Page 91. Ign. Ad. Philad. Chap. 9. p. 84. [As quoted in William Whistons 'Primitive Christianity Revived' Vol., 4.)

LATIN TEXT: “...Ubi Episcopus praesens fuerit, illuc et plebs congregetur: sicuti [et] ubi Christus [est,] omnis militia caelestis adest tanquam principi militiae virtutis Domini, et [ipse est] dispensator totius intelligibilis naturae...” - (To the Smyrnaeans Chapter 8; LONG RECENSION From Corpus Ignatianum by William Cureton)

IGNATIUS ( 30-117 C.E. ): "...ὅπου ἂν φανῇ ὁ ἐπίσκοπος, ἐκεῖ τὸ πλῆθος ἔστω, ὥσπερ ὅπου ὁ Χριστός, πᾶσα ἡ οὐράνιος στρατιὰ παρέστηκεν ὡς ἀρχιστρατήγῳ τῆς δυνάμεως κυρίου καὶ διανομεῖ πάσης νοητῆς φύσεως..." - (The Epistles of Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans; Chapter 8; Longer Greek Version)

(IGNATIUS 30-117 C.E. ): "...Under certain conditions wherever the overseer appears, is the place where the multitude of [us] should be, even as it were the Christ, like the whole of the heavenly army that stands by [Him] as [the] [ἀρχιστρατήγῳ] CHEIF-COMMANDER OF THE POWER[S] OF THE LORD and Governor of all [who have] an intelligent nature..." - (The Epistles of Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans; Chapter  8; Longer Greek Version, Translated by Matt13weedhacker.)
[FOOTNOTE]: "...Power..." is singular but understood to refer to the Angel(s) plural. So I have translated so, but put S in brackets.

IGNATIUS ( 30-117 C.E. ): "...even aswhere Christ is, there does all the heavenly host stand by, waiting upon Him as THE CHIEF CAPTAIN OF THE LORD’S MIGHT, and the Governor of every intelligent nature..." - (The Epistles of Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans; Chapter  8; Longer Greek Version Translated by A. CLEVELAND COXE, D.D. American Edition by the REV. ALEXANDER ROBERTS, D.D., and JAMES DONALDSON, LL.D)

Compare this with Joshua Chapter 5:13,14; LXX Version:

GREEK OT: SEPTUAGINT WITH DIACRITICS JOSHUA 5:13 Καὶ ἐγένετο ὡς ἦν ᾿Ιησοῦς ἐν ῾Ιεριχώ, καὶ ἀναβλέψας τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς εἶδεν ἄνθρωπον ἑστηκότα ἐναντίον αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἡ ρομφαία ἐσπασμένη ἐν τῇ χειρὶ αὐτοῦ. καὶ προσελθὼν ᾿Ιησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῷ· ἡμέτερος εἶ ἢ τῶν ὑπεναντίων; 14 ὁ δὲ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· ἐγὼ ἀρχιστράτηγος δυνάμεως Κυρίου νυνὶ παραγέγονα. καὶ ᾿Ιησοῦς ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· δέσποτα, τί προστάσσεις τῷ σῷ οἰκέτῃ; 15 καὶ λέγει ὁ ἀρχιστράτηγος Κυρίου πρὸς ᾿Ιησοῦν· λῦσαι τὸ ὑπόδημα ἐκ τῶν ποδῶν σου· ὁ γὰρ τόπος, ἐφ ᾧ νῦν ἕστηκας ἐπ αὐτοῦ, ἅγιός ἐστι..."

(LXX-ENGLISH): “...And he said to him, I am now come, THE CHIEF CAPTAIN OF THE HOST OF THE LORD. And Joshua fell on his face upon the earth, and said to him, Lord, what commandest thou thy servant? 5:15 And THE CAPTAIN OF THE LORD'S HOST said to Joshua, Loose thy shoe off thy feet, for the place whereon thou now standest is holy...” - (BRENTON'S EDITION (SIR LANCELOT C.L. BRENTON), BY HENDRICKSON PUBLISHERS. ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED BY SAMUEL BAGSTER & SONS, LTD., LONDON, 1851.)

(LXX-ENGLISH): “...And it came to pass when Jesus was in Jericho, that he looked up with his eyes and saw a man standing before him, and with a drawn broadsword in his hand; and Jesus drew near and said to him, Art thou for us or on the side of our enemies? 14 He said to him, I am THE COMMANDING SOLDIER OF THE POWER OF THE LORD, and now I have come here. And Jesus fell on his face upon the earth, and said to him, Master, what commands thou thy servant? 15 And THE COMMANDING SOLDIER OF THE LORD spoke to Jesus, Loose thy sandals from thy feet, for the place whereon thou now stands is holy...” - (THE HOLY ORTHODOX BIBLE THE GREEK SEPTUAGINT IN ENGLISH)

(LXX-ENGLISH): “...Now when Joshua was by Jericho, he raised his eyes, and saw a man standing before him, with a drawn sword in his hand, 14 upon which Joshua, advancing, said to him, Art thou one of us or of our enemies ? And he said to him, I am THE CAPTAIN GENERAL OF THE HOST OF THE LORD, just arrived. At this Joshua prostrated himself, with his face to the ground, and said to him, My lord, what dost thou command thy servant. And THE LORD'S CAPTAIN GENERAL said to Joshua, Loose the sandals from thy feet, for the place on which thou didst stand is holy ground...” - (CHARLES THOMSON'S ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE GREEK SEPTUAGINT (LXX) BIBLE)

(LXX-ENGLISH): “...And it happened, when Iesous was at Iericho, that he looked up with his eyes and saw a person standing before him, and his sword was drawn in his hand. And Iesous approached and said to him, “Are you one of us or on the side of our adversaries?” Then he said to him, “As COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE FORCE OF THE LORD I have now come.” And Iesous fell facedown onto the earth, and he said to him, “Master, what do you order your domestic?” And THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE LORD said to Iesous, “Loosen the sandal from your feet, for the place where you stand is holy.” - (NETS - A New English Translation of the Septuagint 2007.)

Also:

(IGNATIUS OF ANTIOCH): “...His name is ( called ) THE ANGEL OF THE GREAT COUNCIL, the Wonderful, the Counsellor, the God, the Strong, the Powerful...” - (Page 91. Ign. Ad. Eph. Chap. 19. p. 54. [As quoted in William Whistons 'Primitive Christianity Revived' Vol., 4.)

(IGNATIUS OF ANTIOCH): “...Is called the name of him, of great counsel Angel, wonderful, counselor, a strong god, powerful...” - (Literal translation of the Greek text [Not available] Matt13weedhacker 21/1/11) 
[FOOTNOTE]: There are no definite articles in this sentence. 

Compare:

(APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS): “...Both Ezekiel and the following prophets afirm, everywhere, that he is the Christ, the Lord, the King, the Judge, the Lawgiver, THE ANGEL OF THE FATHER, the only-begotten God...” - (Page 90. C. 20. p. 326. [As quoted in William Whistons 'Primitive Christianity Revived' Vol., 4.)

(CLEMENT OF ROME - APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS): “...Thou didst beget him before all Ages by thy will, thy power, and thy goodness, without any instrument, the only-begotten Son, God the Word, the living ( Wisdom ), the firstborn of every Creature, THE ANGEL OF THY GREAT COUNSEL, and thy High Priest ; but the King and Lord of all intellectual and sensible nature, who was before all things, [Gk., dia] by whom were all things...” - (Page 118. C. 12. p. 399. [As quoted in William Whistons 'Primitive Christianity Revived' Vol., 4.)

(CLEMENT OF ROME - APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS): "...Him, YOU produced of YOUR will and power and goodness without-instrument before all of the ages, an only-generated Son, a god, Logos, living Wisdom, [the] first one to be born of all creation, THE ANGEL OF YOUR GREAT COUNSEL, YOUR High-Priest, a King. [Who is] also Lord of all inteligent and sensible nature. Who was before all things, through whom all things were..." - (Translated by Matt13weedhacker from the Greek text in William Whistons 'Primitive Christianty Revived' Vol 4, Page 118.)